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Amnesty International and U.S. Foreign Policy: Human Rights by Maria T. Baldwin

By Maria T. Baldwin

Akira Iriye challenged historians to affix political scientists within the learn of overseas non-governmental enterprises, saying in worldwide group (2002) that this research offers a clean standpoint at the evolution of diplomacy and permits us to reconceptualize smooth international background. Baldwin s research takes in this problem arguing that Amnesty overseas has performed a remarkable function in shaping U.S. overseas coverage. Her research finds that the policymaking setting has been, partly, re-shaped by way of the paintings of Amnesty foreign, accordingly our knowing of the policymaking approach will be better via incorporating reports of INGOs and the importance of sentimental strength into our coverage stories.

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30 While the Prisoner of the Month and Prisoner of Conscience Week campaigns and the UA network had many successes, they did not change the fact that governments around the world continued to incarcerate POCs. Therefore another campaign was initiated in 1982 to raise global awareness about POCs. Theme Campaigns By 1982 AI had already organized theme campaigns on various human rights violations including preventing torture, abolition of the death penalty and ending arbitrary and summary executions around the world.

It is a nation located in the former territory of the mighty Mayan Empire that discriminates against its ethnic majority, the indigenous Mayans. Guatemala’s image has improved very little since the end of its civil war and the 1996 Peace Accords, which ended this war, have not brought peace. 1 None of these characterizations is well-suited to the protection of human rights. The modern human rights tragedy in Guatemala is rooted in the history of the country itself and its regional and hemispheric location.

This appeal extends to all those adopted as prisoners of conscience by Amnesty International and to those falling within its definition of such prisoners. The appeal will be presented to the President of the General Assembly of the UN and to all Heads of State. This appeal reflected AI’s commitment to universal human rights, as well as its reliance on the international rule of law and international norms to ensure human rights were protected. During this year-long campaign more than one and a half million people from one hundred twenty-two countries—including former presidents and heads of governments, artists, newspaper editors and men and women from all walks of life and cultures—signed the petition that was presented to the UN on the eve of Human Rights Day 1983.

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