By Erika Harrell
Harrell makes use of a number of waves of the nationwide formative years Survey to degree even if Agnew s normal pressure conception (GST) may well clarify the connection among adolescent victimization and delinquency. She examines the consequences of victimization on sorts of delinquency throughout racial and gender teams. the most premise of the GST, that elevated pressure in anyone can result in elevated antisocial habit, is supported the following. Adolescent victimization, as a resource of pressure, raises antisocial habit. in spite of the fact that, the impression of adolescent victimization delinquency did range throughout racial and gender teams.
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Extra resources for Adolescent Victimization and Delinquent Behavior
One problem she noted was that several studies used legally involved or clinical samples such as those in drug treatment facilities (Dembo et al. 1989; Dembo et al. 2000; Edwall et al. 1989; Harrison et al. 1989; Van Hasselt et al. 1992). The results from such studies can cause an overestimation of the magnitude of the association between substance use and maltreatment. These populations are also more likely to have been exposed to turbulent environments growing up, and as such according to Arellano, it may be difficult to determine whether the substance use is the result solely of maltreatment.
This could cause limited generalizability of the results. Another explanation is that some researchers simply decide that using gender and race as control variables is enough (Agnew 2002; Agnew and White 1992; Ireland et al. 2002; Kaufman and Widom 1999; Kilpatrick et al. 2000; Kruttschnitt and Dornfeld 1993; Zingraff et al. 1993; Zingraff et al. 1994). Some work has attempted to look at gender and racial differences in the effect of victimization on various types of delinquency. In articles on the effect of victimization on violent offending, it is evident that there is a gender difference.
From the original 1,725 respondents, only those who were White or African American were selected for the present study. This was because there were not enough respondents who were of other ethnicities (such as Hispanics, Asians) to conduct race specific analyses. Using only Whites and African Americans reduced the number of respondents to 1,621. This number was further reduced by selecting from those 1,621 adolescents only those who reported that they were from 11 to 15 years old in 1976. This further reduced the panel size to 1,203 individuals.