By Margaret E. Keck
In Activists past Borders, Margaret E. Keck and Kathryn Sikkink learn one of those strain staff that has been principally neglected by way of political analysts: networks of activists that coalesce and function throughout nationwide frontiers. Their ambitions should be overseas firms or the guidelines of specific states. historic examples of such transborder alliances contain anti-slavery and lady suffrage campaigns. some time past twenty years, transnational activism has had an important influence in human rights, specifically in Latin the US, and advocacy networks have strongly encouraged environmental politics to boot. The authors additionally learn the emergence of a global crusade round violence opposed to women.
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Additional info for Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics
Network actors argue that in such reframing they are weakening the structural apparatus of patriarchy, ******ebook converter DEMO Watermarks******* poverty, and inequality and empowering new actors to address these problems better in the future. Whether or not they are right, with the decline almost everywhere of mass parties of the left, few alternative agendas remain on the table within which these issues can be addressed. As we look at the issues around which transnational advocacy networks have organized most effectively, we find two issue characteristics that appear most frequently: (1) issues involving bodily harm to vulnerable individuals, especially when there is a short and clear causal chain (or story) assigning responsibility; and (2) issues involving legal equality of opportunity.
3 See also J. Clyde Mitchell, “Networks, Norms, and Institutions,” in Network Analysis, ed. Jeremy Boissevain ******ebook converter DEMO Watermarks******* and J. Clyde Mitchell (The Hague: Mouton, 197]), p. 2]. A “common discourse” was suggested by Stewart Lawrence in “The Role of International ‘Issue Networks’ in Refugee Repatriation: The Case of El Salvador” (Columbia University, mimeo). 4 David Snow and his colleagues have adapted Erving Coffman’s concept of framing. ” Definition from Doug McAdam, John D.
Praeger, 1994), p. 5; and John W. Kingdon, Agendas, Alternatives, and Public Policies (Boston: Little, Brown, 1984). 58 Jack L. Walker, Mobilizing Interest Groups in America: Patrons, Professions, and Social Movements (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1991), p. 12. On the expansion of citizen action, see especially Michael W. McCann, Taking Reform Seriously: Perspectives on Public Interest Liberalism (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1986); and Jeffrey Berry, “Citizen Groups and the Changing Nature of Interest Group Politics in America,” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 528 (July 1993): 30–41.