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A History of the Work Concept: From Physics to Economics by Agamenon R. E. Oliveira

By Agamenon R. E. Oliveira

This e-book strains the heritage of the concept that of labor from its earliest levels and indicates that its additional formalization ends up in equilibrium precept and to the main of digital works, and so pointing the best way forward for destiny study and applications.

The concept that anything is still consistent in a laptop operation is particularly previous and has been expressed by way of many mathematicians and philosophers equivalent to, for example, Aristotle. therefore, an idea of strength built. one other very important proposal in computer operation is Archimedes' lever principle.

In smooth instances the idea that of labor is analyzed within the context of utilized mechanics mostly in Lazare Carnot mechanics and the mechanics of the hot new release of polytechnical engineers like Navier, Coriolis and Poncelet. during this context the note "work" is ultimately followed. those engineers also are accountable for the incorporation of the idea that of labor into the self-discipline of economics once they endeavoured to mix the research of the paintings of machines and males together.

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It being impossible to separate ideological aspects from the facts of social life, we can regard social facts from the viewpoint of exploited classes. 20 Two other possibilities are something similar to Galilean relativism, which considers all systems of reference with constant velocities equivalent, and the positivist option, which proposes to separate historical fact from moral judgments. After this brief digression about historical method and certain difficulties for historians, let us study historiography, which should be understood as the study of historical writings, its methods, interpretations and controversies.

Marx was well versed in mathematics, but we could only partially, intermittently and sporadically keep up with the natural sciences. For this reason, when I retired from business and transferred my home to London, thus enabling myself to give the necessary to it, I went through as complete as possible a “moulting”, as Liebig calls it, in mathematics and the natural sciences, and spent the best part of 8 years on it. Anti-Dühring was the first fruit of this work and Dialectics of Nature the last.

Independent of the different visions, the fundamental problem remains as to how natural limits could, in absence of appropriate adjustments in our resources, make development unsustainable. 18 Georgescu offered eight concrete recommendations to move human society in the right direction: (1) the complete prohibition of weapons production, thereby releasing productive forces for more constructive purposes; (2) immediate aid to undeveloped nations; (3) gradual decrease in population to a level that could be maintained only by organic agriculture; (4) avoidance, and strict regulation if necessary, of wasteful energy use; (5) abandon our attachment to extravagant gadgetry; (6) get rid of fashion; (7) make goods more durable and repairable; (8) cure ourselves of workaholic habits by rebalancing the time spent on work and leisure, a shift that will become incumbent as the effects of the other changes make themselves known.

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