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A Dictionary of Human Rights by D. Robertson

By D. Robertson

This book bargains a accomplished consultant to records and agencies that are thinking about the problems of human rights. It contains updated definitions and brief essays approximately all the three hundred entries. The entries are prepared alphabetically, cross-referenced, and divided into neighborhood and nationwide variations. motives of the criminal elements and implications also are integrated. The publication lists companies that are thinking about human rights, together with Amnesty overseas, ecu fee on Human Rights and Conseil d'Etat. It additionally lists a variety of extracts from records written approximately human rights, together with the "Bill of Rights 1688", the "European Social constitution" and the "Convention opposed to Torture". The ebook discusses the fundamental principles of rights and liberties, and the function of conventions, declarations, courts, tribunals and criminal structures upholding them. It presents concise outlines of the overall positons on human rights for all major built nations. it may be valuable to public and educational libraries, scholars, academics, reporters and any association or person with an curiosity in human rights matters.

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The problem was that the issue had been around for some time, and the Court had never been able to muster a strong enough majority agreed on all points to issue a powerful ruling. When Earl Warren became Chief Justice in 1954 he persuaded his Supreme Court colleagues to treat the issue in these two parts, because the more conservative members could be more easily persuaded to support a far-reaching general statement about the unconstitutionality of educational segregation if they were not simultaneously required to take immediately forceful action.

This, sometimes known as the fruit of the poisoned tree doctrine, is not followed very far by European courts, which argue that the actual probative value of the evidence is not tainted, and that the injured party has full recourse to the law in an action for damages if the police have misbehaved. Other rights intended to offset the dangers of misuse of power include the right to a speedy trial, which causes a considerable amount of litigation under the European Convention on Human Rights , and related questions about pre-trial detention .

Because of the huge caseload in this system, with around 10,000 cases a year brought before it in the late 1980s, a new intermediary tier of regional administrative appeals courts was set up in 1989. Subsequently the Conseil has heard only the most important cases—but this has not reduced its significance. The French tradition of hostility to courts being involved in politics has only recently, in 1958, allowed the creation of a constitutional court in the shape of the Conseil Constitutionel . Consequently civil rights have been protected mainly in terms of this control over the administration, and the Conseil d’Etat has an admirable record for keeping the government firmly within the bounds of whatever powers it has persuaded Parliament to allow it.

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